17 December 2009

Creating a CD to Boot Linux Mint 8 from USB

Make a USB Boot CD for Linux Mint that can be used to boot Linux Mint 8 from a USB flash memory stick on computers with a BIOS that does not natively support booting from USB. The USB Boot CD created using the following process utilizes a grub bootloader to launch the vmlinuz kernel and initrd from the CD. The USB driver modules enable detection of the filesystem.squashfs on the USB device. The filesystem is then decompressed and Linux Mint 8 Proceeds to load.

USB Boot CD for Linux Mint 8 creation requirements:
  • Test PC with a BIOS that does not boot from USB
  • PC that does Boot from USB or can use the Live CD

  • Working CD Burner

  • USB flash drive with Linux Mint 8 preinstalled

Creating a CD to Boot Linux Mint 8 from USB

Note: We accomplished the following while running from a preinstalled Linux Mint 8 Live USB on a machine that does support booting from USB. This enabled us to free up the CD Burner to use to burn the final ISO.
  1. Insert your Linux Mint 8 Live USB or Live CD and restart your computer, booting from the CD or Live USB
  2. Open a Terminal (Menu > Terminal)
  3. Type sudo apt-get install grub
  4. Type mkdir -p mbcd/boot/grub
  5. Type cp /usr/lib/grub/i386-pc/stage2_eltorito mbcd/boot/grub
  6. Type gedit mbcd/boot/grub/menu.lst

    Add the following information to your menu.lst file and click save:

    title Start Linux MINT 8 from USB

    root (cd)

    kernel /boot/vmlinuz file=/cdrom/preseed/mint.seed boot=casper noprompt cdrom-detect/try-usb=true persistent

    initrd /boot/initrd.lz


  7. Type cp /cdrom/casper/vmlinuz ~/mbcd/boot
  8. Type sudo gedit /etc/initramfs-tools/modules

    Add the following lines to the modules file and click save:








  9. Type sudo gedit /etc/initramfs-tools/initramfs.conf

    Add the following line to the bottom of the file and click save:


  10. Type sudo mkinitramfs -o mbcd/boot/initrd.lz
  11. Type mkisofs -R -b boot/grub/stage2_eltorito -no-emul-boot -boot-load-size 4 -boot-info-table -o mint8usbcd.iso mbcd
  12. Insert a blank CD and type brasero -i mint8usbcd.iso (to burn the ISO to a CD)

15 December 2009

Hiren's BootCD From USB Flash Drive

1) Connect a 256 MB or above flash drive.

2) Download and run USB Disk Storage Format (34 KB).

Step 1

3) Download and run grub4dos.zip (148 KB).

Step 2

4) Copy grldr and menu.lst into the usb drive.

5) Insert Hiren's BootCD in the CD Drive and Copy everything from CD to USB Flash Drive.

Latest View of the USB Flash Drive


- Make sure you set your computer to boot from USB Flash Drive
To Enter the BIOS press the "Del" button on your keyboard. Alternatives are "F1", "F2", "Insert", and "F10". Some PC's BIOS might even require a different key to be pressed. Commonly a PC will show a message like "Press [Del] to enter Setup" to indicate that you need to press the "Del" key. Some AMI BIOS require you to enable the option "USB Keyboard Legacy support"!
  • Go to "Feature Setup". "Enable" these options: "USB Function Support",
    "USB Function For DOS" and "ThumbDrive for DOS". Go to "Advanced Setup".
    Set the "1st Boot Device" to "USB RMD-FDD".
    Reboot the PC and it now should boot from the Usb Stick.

  • Go to "USB Mass Storage Device Configuration". Select "Emulation Type"
    and set it to "Harddisk". Go to the "Boot Menu" and set the "1st boot device" to "USB-Stick". Exit the BIOS, saving the changes.
    you can try "Emulation Type" to "Floppy" or "Forced FDD".
  • Go to "Advanced BIOS Features". Go to the "1st Boot device" and set it to "USB-ZIP".
- If you get GRLDR error then use syslinux to boot grub4dos (132 KB).

09 December 2009

Wine Runs Windows Applications

[The Beginning Of Wine]

The project was started in 1993 with to objective to run Windows 3.1 programs on Linux. Subsequently, versions for other Unix operating systems have been developed. The original coordinator of the project, Bob Amstadt, handed the project over to Alexandre Julliard a year later. Alexandre has been leading the development efforts ever since.

[The Goal]

Develop a "translation layer" for Linux and other POSIX compatible operating systems that enables users to run native Microsoft Windows applications on those operating systems.

[Translation Layer]

This translation layer is a software package that "emulates" the Microsoft Windows API (Application Programming Interface), but the developers emphasize that it is not an emulator in the sense that it adds an extra software layer on top of the native operating system, which would add memory and computation overhead and negatively affect performance. Instead Wine provides alternative DDLs (Dynamic Link Libraries) that are needed to run the applications. These are native software components that, depending on their implementation, can be just as efficient or more efficient than their Windows counterparts. That is why some MS Windows applications run faster on Linux than on Windows.

 [How Well Wine Works]

Not all of them work perfectly, but most commonly used Windows Applications run quite well, such as the following software packages and games: Microsoft Office 97, 2000, 2003, and XP, Microsoft Outlook, Microsoft Internet Explorer, Microsoft Project, Microsoft Visio, Adobe Photoshop, Quicken, Quicktime, iTunes, Windows Media Player 6.4, Lotus Notes 5.0 and 6.5.1, Silkroad Online 1.x, Half-Life 2 Retail, Half-Life Counter-Strike 1.6, and Battlefield 1942 1.6.
After installing Wine, Windows applications can be installed by placing the CD in the CD drive, opening a shell window, navigating to the CD directory containing the installation executable, and entering "wine setup.exe", if setup.exe is the installation program.

[How Exectly Wine Works]

When executing programs in Wine, the user can choose between the "desktop-in-a-box" mode and mixable windows. Wine supports both DirectX and OpenGL games. Support for Direct3D is limited. There is also a Wine API that allows programmers to write software that runs is source and binary compatible with Win32 code.

08 December 2009

Teknik Installasi IE6 & IE7 Dalam Platform Linux (Ubuntu)

1. Pergi Ke System > Administration > Synaptic Package Manager.

2.  Pergi Ke Search. Taip cabextract & klik Search. Click & Mark for Installation.

3.  Taip wine & klik Search. Click & Mark for Installation.

4. Klik Apply.

5. Download ies4linux.

6. Buka Terminal dalam folder ies4linux, taip tar zxvf ies4linux-2.99.0.tar.gz

7. Kemudian, masuk ke dalam folder dengan menaip cd ies4linux.

8. Untuk installasi, taip dalam terminal iatu ./ies4linux.

9. Klik & teruskan prosedur sehingga habis. Klik OK untuk tamatkan installasi.

10. Untuk membuka Internet Explorer dalam linux anda, taip "ie6" atau "ie7" dalam terminal.

04 December 2009

Laman Linux : Edisi Terbaru Berasaskan Linux:Debian

New developed Linux-based OS using Debian and originally developed from Ubuntu.

How To Install Wine On Debian-Linux

Debian-based distributions utilize a special tool for managing packages known as APT. APT is able to automagically install all of the needed dependencies for a software package, as well as keep the package up to date, by scanning what are known as APT repositories. Debian-based distributions have their own repositories of software that include Wine, however we keep our own repository of the latest available beta packages here for download.

This repository contains packages for i386 and amd64 architecture.
To install wine packages you can use two methods: add the repository or download a .deb package and manually install it, but first of all you have to remove older wine version. If you use the first method you'll have wine automatically upgraded by apt, otherwise you'll need to manually download and install every new version.

Remove old version

Open a terminal
su #to log as root
apt-get remove libwine wine #to remove outdated version of wine

Method 1: Add the repository

Open a terminal
su #to log as root
gedit /etc/apt/sources.list #to open repository file with a text editor (you can use gedit or another)
Add this line for Lenny: deb http://www.lamaresh.net/apt lenny main
Add this line for Squeeze: deb http://www.lamaresh.net/apt squeeze main
Add this line for Sid: deb http://www.lamaresh.net/apt sid main
Save and close sources.list
wget -O - http://www.lamaresh.net/apt/key.gpg | apt-key add - #to add gpg key
apt-get update #to update package list
apt-get install wine #to install latest wine version

Method 2: Download .deb and manually install it

Chose a .deb package from binary list and save it in your home directory
Open a terminal
cd ~ #to go to your home directory
su #to log as root
dpkg -i wine_1.1.xxx.deb #change xxx with your chosen package, this will install wine.
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